Dunbar, K. N. (1995). How scientists really reason: Scientific reasoning in real-world laboratories. In R. J. Sternberg & J. Davidson (Eds.), The Nature of Insight (pp. 365–395). MIT Press.
Two approaches: in vitro and in vivo.
This chapter focuses on in vivo study.
Mechanisms underlying conceptual change:
- (how scientists treat) inconsistent results
- analogy, esp. local and reginal analogies 3.fruitful analogies call for different sources of knowledge of lab members
- more expertise –> more analogies
- social interactions that promote conceptual change (need to check coding scheme they use)
- (no) serendity
- risk–may connect with promisingness. (need to check how scientists rate risk levels)